Our Patron Saints
The icon of the Hospitality of Abraham is one of the most beloved images in the Orthodox Church. The image depicts the scene from Genesis 18:1-15, when Abraham and Sarah welcomed three strangers to rest and dine at their tent. The strangers announce that by the time of their return trip, Sarah will have borne a son. Because of her advanced age, Sarah laughed at this news, but the visitors say, "Is anything too wonderful for the Lord?" Of course, the son is born: Isaac (Genesis 21:1-7)
The icon is also called "The Holy Trinity" because the three strangers can be understood to be a revelation of the Holy Trinity. Throughout the story, the speakers are named as "the Lord."
Examining the icon more closely, we see a single tree in the background, representing the oaks of Mamre--a place where caravans of nomads and shepherds would gather, not too far from modern-day Hebron. The building represents Abraham's tents.
The three visitors are depicted as angels, not because the story says they are angelic figures--they are called "men"--but because of their announcing that Sarah will give birth. Each holds a walking stick. A regular question is, "Which one is the Father, which is the Son, and which is the Holy Spirit?" The icon does not tell us. Some have said that the Father sits at the head of the table--in the center--with the Son to His right. Others have said it is the Son who is seated at the head.
One of the most holy prophets of the Old Testament. He lived in the 9th century B.C., during the reign of the sinful King Ahab, King of Israel, who worshipped the idol of Baal.
Prophet Elias, also known as Elijah, was wise and faithful to the true God. God sent Prophet Elias to speak the truth to King Ahab and his evil wife Jezebel. But to no avail. Not only did King Ahab not listen to Prophet Elias, but he threatened to kill him.
To escape, Prophet Elias fled to a mountain. There he stayed and hid in a cave. Everyday, God sent a crow with meat and bread to feed Prophet Elias. He would drink from a nearby stream. But there was a drought in the land. Prophet Elias had prophesied that it would last for 3 years as a punishment for the faithlessness of King Ahab and Queen Jezebel. So in time, the stream dried up.
With no water, Prophet Elias had no choice but to leave his mountain hideout. On his way, he met a poor widow with her only son. The unfortunate woman accepted to give Prophet Elias a place to stay, despite her poverty. She had only a little flour and oil with which to make all their food. However, Prophet Elias miraculously increased the amount of flour and oil so that all three people had enough to eat for a long time. Then, when the widow's son fell ill and died, Prophet Elias performed a second miracle and brought him back to life.
The drought, though, continued. For three whole years, not a drop of water fell. The people suffered and many died from hunger. God sent Prophet Elias to appear before King Ahab. Upon seeing Prophet Elias, the sinful King Ahab said to him, "Is it you, you troubler of Israel?" Prophet Elias responded, "I have not troubled Israel; but you and your people have because you have forsaken the commandments of the Lord." [3 Kings 18:17,18 (LXX)] To show them that the Lord is the true God and that Baal is truly false, Prophet Elias offered King Ahab a challange. He told the King to gather his people and priests the next day. Prophet Elias and the priests of Baal would each make offerings to their own God. No one would have fire. Then they would let the true God send fire from the heavens to light the wood and make the burnt offering.
King Ahab accepted the challange. The next day they all gathered on Mt. Carmel. The priests of King Ahab made their offerings upon their altar. They danced around their altar, pleading with Baal to send fire from the heavens. But nothing happened.
Then, Prophet Elias drew near to his altar and made his offering. He ordered the people to pour water abundantly on the wood. Before the crowd, he knelt and prayed to the true God, "O Lord, God of Abraham, Isaac, I ask you O Lord, hear my prayer and send fire upon this sacrifice that all may know that You are the Lord God of Israel" [3 Kings 18:36 (LXX)] Prophet Elias had bearly finished his prayer when a great fire descended from the heavens and consumed the wood and the offering.
When the gathered crowds saw the miracle, they believed in the true God. Prophet Elias then prayed for rain, and a great rain fell. All the people glorified the true God.
Finally, when his earthly life was over, God decided to bring Prophet Elias close to him without his tasting death. One day, when Prophet Elias was resting near the Jordan River with his disciple Elisha, who was to become a prophet also, a fiery chariot descended from the heavens and took up Prophet Elias. As he was ascending to the heavens, he threw his cloak down to Elisha. With this cloak, Prophet Elisha performed many miracles as well.
We celebrate the memory of Prophet Elias, as well as his presence among us, on July 20th.
*Translated from the Encyclopaedia "Ydria".
Polycarp the Holy Martyr & Bishop of Smyrna; Proterios, Archbishop of Alexandria; Gorgonia the Righteous, sister of Gregory the Theologian; Damian the New Martyr of Mount Athos; Boswell, Abbot of Melrose Abbey